A nasal polyp is a painless tumor that grows in the lining of the nose or sinuses. Unlike polyps that develop in the colon or bladder, nasal polyps are usually noncancerous tumors.
Nasal polyps tend to develop in patients with chronic inflammation due to allergies, recurring sinus infections, asthma, sensitivity to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), cystic fibrosis, and certain immune disorders. In some cases, nasal polyps are hereditary.
Nasal polyps always develop in both the right and left nasal passages. These polyps make it very difficult for you to breathe because they obstruct the flow of air and decreases your sense of smell. They also block sinus drainage.
Symptoms of nasal polyps include:
- A runny nose
- Persistent stuffiness
- Postnasal drip
- Decreased or absent sense of smell
- Loss of sense of taste
- Facial pain or headache
- Pain in your upper teeth
- A sense of pressure over your forehead and face
Diagnosis of nasal polyps:
Polyps can be seen by your doctor using a lighted instrument called an otoscope when looking up into the nasal passages. Polyps that are located deeper inside your sinuses require a procedure called nasal endoscopy. This procedure involves your doctor guiding a thin, flexible tube with a light and camera at the end into your nasal passages. Your doctor may also require you to have a CT scan to pinpoint the exact location and size of the polyp.
Nasal steroid sprays and antihistamines are prescribed to reduce the size or eliminate nasal polyps. Medications are usually the first line of treatment. Surgery may be needed but it may not provide a permanent solution as nasal polyps tend to recur.
Why Chicago ENT?
The physicians at Chicago ENT are experts in the diagnosis and management of ENT disorders, allergies, asthma, eczema, and immune-deficiencies. They provide comprehensive care to both children and adults suffering from all forms of ENT related ailments.
Chicago ENT is Chicago’s premier ear, nose, and throat advanced specialty center. Whether you are suffering from allergies, asthma or sinus infections, we can help. In addition, we are the only ENT specialty center that lets you schedule your appointment whenever you want – even in the middle of the night – thanks to our 24/7 appointment desk. To schedule your appointment with one of our multi-disciplinary teams of ENT and allergy experts, please call us at 773.296.5500 or schedule online 24/7-click here!